St. George’s University Hosts Two-Day Conference on Early Childhood Development

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Relationships Help Positive Childhood Outcomes

More than 190 caregivers, parents, and teachers convened at St. George’s University’s Bourne Lecture Hall at the end of June for the inaugural Caregiver Conference on Early Child Development. REACH Grenada and the Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation (WINDREF) brought together experts in early childhood development and infant-parent mental health, to focus on the importance of early adaptive interactions that benefit both the child and caregiver. Also in attendance were representatives from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Eastern Caribbean division as well as the Foundation for the Development of Caribbean Children.

“Infant and parent mental health is synonymous with healthy social development,” said Dr. Richard Honigman, REACH Grenada’s Advisory Board Chair and a general pediatrician with over 30 years of experience. “Healthy social development is about how the child fits into the world around them, how they experience and interpret the world, and their place in the world. It embodies relationships with others, smoothing developmental progress and increasing ability to control behavior, express emotions, and the ability to explore.”

Dr. Edward Tronick, University Distinguished Professor at University of Massachusetts Boston and Harvard Medical School, delivered a keynote address on how infants make sense of their world.

“Infants are trying to make sense of all of their new experiences and their parents are critical in helping them do so.” Dr. Tronick stated. “When the child and the parent are successful in making sense of the world for the child, her or she feels secure and develops normally. When making meaning about the world is unsuccessful the child, like an adult, becomes confused, anxious, even fearful, and development is compromised.”

The Minister of Social Development, Hon. Delma Thomas, endorsed the initiative undertaken by the organizers reaffirming the Government’s commitment for strategic alliances geared at social development. “The support we get from organizations such as REACH Grenada, WINDREF, UNICEF and others are always timely,” she stated. “You can rest assured of our commitment to work as partners because we are working towards the same goal. It is therefore critical that as we go forward we continue to share ideas and improve the quality of care our nation’s children receive.”

Over the course of two days, other topics were discussed such as “The Developing Child in Relationships” as well as “How Messy Social Interactions Lead to Positive Infant and Child Development” and “Working with the Child/Family System.” UNICEF and the Foundation for the Development of Caribbean Children have expressed interest in assisting REACH Grenada and WINDREF to plan future conferences, with the hopes of eventually expanding to other nations.

Source: St. George’s University


The Olig Family Affects Central Nervous System Development in Mammals

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The Olig family (oligodendrocyte transcription family) is widely expressed in the central nervous system of various mammals.

And it plays a critical role in central nervous system development by controlling differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocytes, motor neurons and astrocytes. Moreover, accumulating evidence demonstrates Olig family participation in many central nervous system diseases.

Therefore, based on current literature, Dr. Lehua Yu and co-workers from Second Affliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University in China examine the role of the Olig family in central nervous system development and related diseases. The Olig family is known not only to be an important factor in regulating neural cell differentiation, but also affects acute and chronic central nervous system diseases, including brain injury, multiple sclerosis, and even gliomas.

Improved understanding about the functions of the Olig family in central nervous system development and disease will greatly aid novel breakthroughs in central nervous system diseases. The relevant paper has been published in the Neural Regeneration Research

7 Wonderful Benefits Your Body Gets When You Eat Kale

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Kale is said by many to be “one of the healthiest vegetables on earth”. It is a dark green curly leafy vegetable. In fact, it really doesn’t look like your regular vegetable. It looks like leaves.

It is a nutritional powerhouse containing vitamins A, C, E, K and minerals calcium, magnesium, B6, potassium, iron as well as omega 3 fatty acids and much more.

Some of the ways to can get more kale into your family’s diet is by making kale juice, kale chips, steamed kale or just eating it raw.

Listed below are seven of the most wonderful benefits your body gets when you eat kale.

    1) Kale is high in iron. Some people may call kale “the new beef” due to its high iron content, and in fact per per calorie, kale has more iron than beef. Iron is essential for the formation of haemoglobin and enzymes, cell growth, liver functions and more, transporting oxygen around various parts of the body.

    2) Kale has powerful antioxidants. Kale is an excellent source of antioxidants. Antioxidants, such as carotenoids and flavonoids help protect against various cancers.

    3) Kale is high in Vitamins. Vitamin A (Vitamin A may help prevent various cancers such as lung cancers, and is renowned to improve vision), Vitamin C (a great immune system booster which also aids your metabolism and hydration) and vitamin K (can help protect against various cancers and is important for a wide range of bodily functions such as bone health)

    4) Kale is high in fiber and low in calories. Kale has zero fat and is incredibly low in calories whilst having a high fiber content which is great for aiding digestion. One cup of chopped kale is as low as 33 calories which is great for weight loss or maintaining a healthy weight.

    5) Kale is detoxifying.  Kale is a great detox food as its filled with fiber and sulfur which in return keeps the liver healthy and gets rid of waste material.

    6) Kale is anti-inflammatory. Kale is a great anti-inflammatory food  which can help prevent or fight against arthritis, asthma and autoimmune disorders. Kale is also great for cardiovascular support and can help lower cholesterol levels.

    7) Kale is a great source of calcium. Per calorie kale offers more calcium than milk which helps in maintaining a healthy metabolism and preventing bone loss and osteoporosis. One cup of chopped kale contains 9% of the daily value of calcium

Source: http://www.dailynaturalhealthnews.com

health tips for blood pressure

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Blood pressure measuring studio shot

1. Make sure that the blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. systolic pressure If Your (highest number) more than 140 is, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce it.

 2. take your high blood pressure medication, as prescribed, daily. If you have questions, talk to your doctor.

 3. the aim for a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, which increases the risk of high blood pressure this additional burden. Way to determine whether you need to lose weight is body mass index or BMI figure. If your BMI is greater than the Healthy range (i.e., 25 or higher), or if more than 35 cm (women) or 40 inches (men) measure the waist, probably you have abdominal obesity and weight loss may benefit you especially if you have other risk factors. Talk to your doctor if you are at increased risk for high blood pressure and needs to lose weight.

4. increase physical activity. Do at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, such as walking, most days of the week. Can you 30 minutes in three segments: 10 minutes.

 5. Choose foods low in salt and sodium. Most Americans should not more than 2.4 g (2400 mg) of sodium per day to consume. Which corresponds to 6 grams, approximately one teaspoon salt per day. The person who the doctor may recommend less high blood pressure.

 6. the Nutrition label to read. Nearly all packaged foods contain sodium. When you prepare or eat prepackaged foodstuffs, know how many sodium is in a serving.

 7. keep a log of the sodium. May be surprised by how much sodium to consume each day, and the calendar will help you decide which foods to reduce or eliminate.

 8. use spices and herbs instead of salt to season the food, which you can prepare at home.

 9. eat more fruits, vegetables, grains and milk fats in food.

 10. If you consume alcohol, consuming moderate amounts. For men it is fewer than two servings 12 ounces of beer or two glasses of wine or two oz 5 oz servings, 1 1/2 “hard” alcohol daily. Women or lighter weight people need no more than one serving of any of these beverages on the day.

Eating tips for the patients blood pressure:

 Lemon: Lemon is also a very effective food in controlling high blood pressure.Helps in maintaining capillary fragility.

Grapefruit: Grapefruit is useful in preventing high blood pressure.

Watermelon: Watermelon also protects against high blood pressure.Watermelon seeds can also be dried and roasted, and taken in a liberal amount.

Rice: Rice is low-fat, low-cholesterol and low salt content is very good for people who already suffer high B.P. advised limited salt diet.Especially brown rice with calcium reassures, frees the nervous system and frees the symptoms of high b p.

Potatoes: Valuable for lowering high B.P. potatoes cooked potatoes cooked to absorb a little of salt and so are very useful.Potatoes are rich in potassium and magnesium salts and sodium absent in potatoes is also favorable.

Parsley: Parsley is very useful in high blood pressure.Helps maintain blood vessels.Parsley can be taken in the fresh parsley leaves to the drink by 20gms 250 ml of water to smooth a few minutes.Is drinking this several times a day.

Vegetable juice: Raw juices, particularly Carrot and spinach juice, taken separately or in combination, are also useful in the treatment of high-b p if taken in combination, 300 ml and 200 ml of spinach juice carrot juice mixed, so that 500 ml and must be taken daily.If taken separately, a shot taken twice a day, morning and evening.

Reduce these: Reduced cholesterol, fats, salt, tea, coffee and alcohol intake to store on the tab for high blood pressure.


Yep, organic milk really is better for you than regular milk

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Sometimes, the word “organic” earns its health halo: a replacement study finds that organic cow’s milk extremely is healthier than standard milk.

Organic milk contains additional wholesome fatty acids than regular milk, says study author Charles Benbrook, an enquiry faculty member at the middle for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources at Washington State University. The WSU researchers tested nearly four hundred samples of organic and standard milk over eighteen months.

“There’s extremely no discussion round the world — once you feed farm cows additional grass, you improve the carboxylic acid profile of milk. you furthermore may increase the macromolecule level,” Benbrook says. On the opposite hand, cows fed a corn-based diet turn out milk that’s higher in omega-6 fatty acid fatty acids.

The reason organic milk is healthier comes all the way down to its quantitative relation of omega-6 fatty acid to polyunsaturated fatty acid fatty acids, that is not up to in regular milk. A diet containing too several omega-6 fatty acid fatty acids and not enough omega-3s has been joined to cardiovascular disease, moreover as cancer, inflammation and reaction diseases. That’s as a result of your gut converts omega-6s to arachidonic acid, which might cause inflammation. however the anti-inflammatory drug powers of omega-3s facilitate to counterbalance that reaction, that is why keeping that quantitative relation low is therefore vital. (An omega-6 fatty acid to polyunsaturated fatty acid quantitative relation of two.3 to one is best for heart health, analysis suggests.)

“It’s true that each omega 6s and omega 3s area unit essential – we’ve got to possess a number of them,” Benbrook says. “But it’s after they get out of balance, the adverse health effects seem to kick in.”

If organic milk is out of your budget, standard milk continues to be OK – however opt for milk, instead of skim or two p.c. “The wholesome fatty acids in milk area unit a part of milk’s overall fat content,” Benbrook says. “This profit are reduced regarding fifty p.c once individuals opt for two p.c fat milk, and by regarding common fraction once getting skim or low-fat farm merchandise.”

Even if you don’t consume farm, Benbrook says the larger message here is to undertake to chop back on foods that area unit terribly high in soybean or vegetable oil, each of that have high omega-6 fatty acid to polyunsaturated fatty acid ratios – things like deep-fried foods, or chips.

“We’re spoken language, switch to whole fat farm merchandise – ideally organic, however standard is OK if you’ can’t afford it – and mate in conjunction with inhibiting on foods that area unit terribly high in omega 6s,” Benbrook says.

Source: nbcnews.com

List of Medical schools in Guyana

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Many students dreamt of studying in foreign medical schools only few of them achieve their dream. The reason for this is the cost and time not suitable for many students. But the Caribbean medical schools are comparatively less expensive when compared to US and Canadian medical schools.

Guyana is one of the Caribbean countries and when compared to other Caribbean medical schools Universities in Guyana is the best place to study. Because the cost of living and the climate attracts more students to study in Guyana

Here is the list of Universities in Guyana. There are four universities,

  1. University of Guyana
  2. Green Heart University
  3. Texila American University
  4. American International School of Medicine

University of Guyana

This university was established in 1963 with the batch of 164 students. The university has school of earth and environmental science, school of education and humanities, school of professional development. Now the university has more than 5000 students studying in various undergraduate and post graduate programs and 15000 students are graduated and lead a successful career

Green heart University:

Green Heart University is located in George town, Guyana. This medical school contains programs in Medicine Nursing and pharmacy.

The university is well accredited by the Government of Guyana, ECFMG, NAC, IMED and listed in world health organization/Avicenna directories

The university prepares the students for different licensing programs and screening tests like MCCQE, USMLE, and CAMC etc

 Texila American University:

Texila American University is located in Georgetown, Guyana. This university contains medicine, nursing, premedical and other health care programs with the opportunity to do clinical in top US and Canada institutions. All the programs are accredited and has International curriculum.

The university is recognized by the National Accreditation council of Guyana (NAC), listed in WHO/Avicenna directories, International Medical Education Directory (IMED), Medical Council of India, UNGLOBAL, IADR, GAME, AMEE, SwAPP

The university is partnered with many old and popular universities to make the career and degree of students more effective. The university is partnered with University of Central de Nicaragua, Concordia College, and Broward College in UK.

For the convenience of the student it offers online programs in various health care programs. This include Psychology, Management, information Technology, Clinical Research, Public health, nursing programs for the student who want to enhance their degree for various purposes.

American International School of Medicine

The university was established in 1999 Guyana. The university is approved by the government of Guyana and offers medicine and basic science programs. All these programs are recognized by FAIMER, IMED and listed in WHO / Avicenna directories, NAC, ECFMG and IMED

Doctor of Medicine program has 5 semesters and the basic science program is taught in Guyana where as students can find clinical in US and Canada

These are all about the universities in Guyana. For more details students can research the Education portals like Caribbean Medical Schools or in the university’s own website. Otherwise join in forums of Caribbean medical schools and get a clear solution from the university students itself.

The Caribbean Medical Schools was established in 2004. This is an educational website that brings all lists of Caribbean medical universities from those higher education institutions.

New Hips More Troublesome in RA Than OA

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caribbea medical school in guyanaPatients with autoimmune disorder were at higher risk than those with degenerative joint disease for adverse outcomes following joint replacement surgery, a Canadian study found.

After adjustment for potential confounders, having a identification of autoimmune disorder was a big and freelance predictor of dislocation following total hip surgical operation, with a risk nearly double that for degenerative joint disease (HR one.91, 95% CI 1.29-2.82, P=0.001), in keeping with Bheeshma Ravi, MD, of the University of provincial capital, and colleagues.

Patients with autoimmune disorder conjointly were at larger risk for developing associate infection once total knee surgical operation (HR one.52, 95% CI 1.11-2.09, P=0.03), the researchers reported  on-line in inflammatory disease & Rheumatism.

“Over the last decade, the age-sex standardized rates of total hip surgical operation and total knee surgical operation have enlarged in North America by about twenty fifth and sixty fifth, severally,” wrote Ravi and colleagues.

These surgeries are coupled with a risk — albeit tiny — for serious complications as well as dislocation, infection, blood vessel occlusion, and even death.

However, most information on these complications are drawn from the patient population with degenerative joint disease, and small is thought concerning risks for those with autoimmune disorder, a far totally different illness in its causes, prognosis, and treatment.

The researchers antecedently conducted a scientific review and meta-analysis in a trial to fill this data gap, however were hampered by limitations in several studies like the likelihood of diagnostic misclassification and lack of adjustment for confounders.

Therefore, they undertook a study during which they analyzed information from the Canadian Institute for Health info Discharge Abstract info, distinguishing patients with a primary elective hip or knee replacement between April 2002 and March 2009.

The identification of autoimmune disorder was confirmed mistreatment associate formula that necessitated hospitalization with a diagnostic code specifically for autoimmune disorder or 3 medico claims, a minimum of one being from a specialist like a specialist or orthopedical sawbones, at intervals the previous two years.

This valid formula incorporates a specificity of 100 percent and a sensitivity of seventy eight.

The researchers adjusted for patient age, gender, income, residence, and comorbidities like symptom heart condition and polygenic disorder.

They conjointly controlled for frailty, that has been coupled with loss of muscle strength and system abnormalities and so might contribute to dislocation and infection.

During the study amount, there have been eighty nine,713 knee and sixty,305 hip arthroplasties performed in Ontario. a complete of three of the hip replacements and 4 wheel drive of the knee surgeries were in patients with autoimmune disorder.

Compared with recipients with degenerative joint disease, those with autoimmune disorder were younger, a lot of usually ladies and frail, and had a lot of comorbidities.

They conjointly were a lot of probably to possess any variety of complication following surgery (5.7% versus four.7%, P=0.01), however less probably to develop blood vessel occlusion (HR zero.35, 95% CI 0.15-0.82, P=0.02).

The lower risk for blood vessel occlusion was surprising, in keeping with the researchers, and will replicate choice bias.

Among all patients experiencing a dislocation at intervals two years, the median time to the event was 211 days for autoimmune disorder compared with 263 days for degenerative joint disease.

And among people who developed body part infections, the median time to the event was 196 days for autoimmune disorder compared with 468 days for degenerative joint disease.

The researchers noted that dislocation at intervals a brief time of total hip surgical operation may be a “serious complication.”

“In addition to being terribly painful and necessitating revision surgical operation and/or aggressive rehabilitation following closed reduction, it’s calculable that dislocations increase the hospital prices of a primary total hip surgical operation by over three hundredth,” they ascertained.

Possible reasons why patients with autoimmune disorder were a lot of probably to expertise this complication were the employment of smaller implants and totally different surgical techniques, together with disease-related factors like cotyloid protrusion and soft tissue issues.

Explanations for why infections were a lot of common within the rheumatic cluster enclosed the employment of immunomodulatory treatments, however it wasn’t clear why the enlarged risk was just for knee replacement and not conjointly for the hip.

Strengths of the study enclosed the specificity of the formula used for identification and huge patient population, whereas limitations were the shortage of data concerning the particular implants used and therefore the chance of unmeasured confounders.

“As each dislocation and infection cause vital morbidity and drastically increase care prices, analysis is guaranteed to elucidate explanations for this enlarged risk among patients with autoimmune disorder. This info are valuable to tell patient management selections, as well as the event and implementation of ways designed to focus on modifiable risk factors,” Ravi and colleagues terminated.
Source : medpagetoday.com